The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) has planned a human brain-like computer chip which will have the ability to motivate to information supplied by sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch or recognize the weather and check water supply.
The technology identified as cognitive computing is programmed to examine complex information, make hypotheses, and consider and learn from the results, replicating the functionality of the brain.
According to the company, it is an “unprecedented” step in making intelligent computers, which is a departure from the customary computers.
The project leader for IBM Research, Dharmendra Modha said, “Future applications of computing will increasingly demand functionality that is not efficiently delivered by the traditional architecture. These chips are another significant step in the evolution of computers from calculators to learning systems, signaling the beginning of a new generation of computers and their applications in business, science and government.”
The chip can control water supply through real-time data analysis and pattern recognition. It has a network of sensors and actuators that continually record and report metrics like temperature, pressure, wave height, acoustics and ocean tide, and give tsunami advices. It can as well assist grocers recognize bad products
Richard Doherty said, “Research like this has been going on for decades, but this marks the beginning of commerce, industry and profits for cognitive computing. They’re going to be more like humans and primates than ever before.”
IBM has created two prototype chips using the 45-nanometer manufacturing procedure. The company has by now produced several results from the project, like walking through a web, playing a game of Pong, or identifying patterns in data.
IBM is combining principles from nanoscience, neuroscience and supercomputing as part of a multi-year cognitive computing initiative. The company and its university collaborators as well announced they have been rewarded about $21 million in new funding from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) for Phase 2 of the Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE) project.